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Full text of "The Pilgrim (1954) (Vol 1)"

THE PILGRIM 



OCTOBER; 19ft MO» 1 



"Daarly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 



Far down the ages now, 

Much of her journey done, 

The Pilgrim church persues her way, 
Until her crown be won. 

No wider is the gate, 

No broader is the way, 
No smoother is the ancient path . 

That leads to life and day* \ 



S> 



No sweeter is the cup, 

Nor less our lot of ill; 

f T was tribulation ages sir^ce, 
«T is tribulation still* 

No slaker grows the fight, 
No feebler is the foe, 

Nor less the need of armor tried, :/ 
Of shield, and spear, and bow. 

Thus onward still we press, ^ ... 

Through evil and through good- . 
Through pain, and poverty, and want, . 

Through peril and through blood, 

*£ Still faithful to our God, .'• 
And to our Captain true, 
We follow where he leads the way, 
The Kingdom in our view. 



THE PILGRIM 

To be published monthly by Daniel F. Wolf, in the 
interests of the members of the Old Brethren Church. 
Subscription rate, $ l»!i>0 per year. Sample copies td.ll 
be sent free on request. Send all communications to 
THE PILGRIM, Rt. 3> Box 1378, Modesto, California, 



Dear reader - Brother and Sister in Christ and the 
Faith of the Gospel:- We are sending this new publica- 
tion into your home, hoping it ra.ll find a welcome and 
your support for its continuance, We have long wished 
for a church paper to be published for our own member- 
ship, and believe that others may have felt the same. 

We believe we can hdve a paper which should first 
and primarily serve the needs of the members of The 
Old Brethren Church, and at the same time present items 
of interest which could be both useful and edifying to 
our friends and acquaintances and christian readers in 
general into whose hands it may come, whose interests 
and problems may be the same as ours . 

Many of us have, perhaps one or mere, religious papers 
in our homes which are published by other denominations, 
and find them both entertaining . and edifying • And then 
there are the "non-denominational" papers with much good 
selective reading. But still none of these can serve 
the particular needs of the. members of our church as 
well as a paper published for, and directed to them. 

The non-denominational effort may have its worthy 
and sincere advocates, and points of interest; But it 
is our opinion that it is more limited in its effect- 
iveness >(than efforts which are directed to some one 
in particular) because of its own nature it fades into 
a generality that lackes responsible reception and 
application. 

We do not think our attitude and motives are self- 
ish in proposing to publish a paper for our own church 
members any more than we think it selfish for the members 
of any particular household to attend to the needs and 



THE PILGRIM 



interests of their own in a particular way, and at the 
same time be a good neighbor and citizen in the comm- 
unity in which they live. 

We are sending this paper into your homes on trial. 
^If it meets your approval, we hope by the Grace of God 
and your support to continue its issue monthly. We 
plan to have a column for those who are interested in 
church history (of the Brethren Church in particular, 
and the historical christian church in general) and 
to bring forward various writings of our early brethren, 
elucidating the historical doctrine and faith of our 
fathers, and also testimonies of the apostolic faith of 
christians in past ages. 

We also hope to present in each issue some scriptural 
study or reading in such a manner as to be interesting 
to members children and young people. 

We will solicit articles for publication; also church 
news and announcements. We especialy solicit subscrip- 
tions from our members, as that will be the principle 
means by which we may know of your interest and support 
gpf this work. Our subscription rate will be $ l.$0 per 
year. We will send this paper free to any one upon re- 
quest who may wish to have it and cannot pay the $ 1.50« 
Subscriptions are also solicited from friends and ac- 
quaintances of the members. 

We propose to send the three remaining issues for 
195U free, and hope for your subscriptions for the new 
year, 19$$+ ' 

With christian greetings this work is now submitted . 



COMMUNION NOTICE 

Modesto, California, Sept. 22, 195U 

We the members of the Old Brethren Church, Salida, 
Calif,, have agreed, the Lord willing, to have our 
communion meeting on the 6th day of November, 195>U> 
commencing at 10 A.M. 

We invite all of like precious faith, especialy the 
ministering brethren to be with us. 

Signed in behalf of the church 
Christie R. Cover 



THE PILGKIK. 



"THE CHURCH" 

The dearest of all relationships is that r which ex- 
ists between Christ and his church . The churchis c 
related to Christ as Eve was to Adam: "For- we are : 
members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones* 
For this cause; shall -a man leave his father and mother 
and shall b# joined unto this wife, and -they twd ; shall 
be one flesh. This is a great "tnyst^ry: but I 'speak 
concerning Christ and the church." Eph. $i 30,31,32» 

The church is the supreme expression of the 'love of 
God to fallen humanity. It is the "redemption 1 of the 
purchased possession" of Jesus Christ JT urito ~the praise 
of his glouy." The human race under Adam was* Condemned 
to death because of sin.: God was not obligated' to re- 
deem them. Only through love was He constrained to do 
so;. It was by Holy agreement in the GodKe&d that Jesus 
Christ should be -the;. redeemer; therefore 1 every child of 
. God.is" a "redeemed " child through faith arid union with 
..Christ, and all the. redeemed children of God are *the 
church of God through Jesus Christ: "According to the 
eternal purpose which He purposed in Christ* Jesus our 
Lord, - - - of whom the whole family in heaven and earth 
is named." Thus it was the eternal purpose of God, to. 
have a ." people"-, (children or family) of his own and for 
himself, and this eternal purpose was to be* accomplish- 
ed in Christ. Therefore, it could not become a reality 
until Christ should come and take away sin. There 
could be no redemption until sin was removed (forgiven) 
and the Holy Spirit or love .of God, which was lost in 
the fall , could not be restored until sin x^ras forgiven, 
and sin could ijot-be , forgiven until Christ should come 
and make an. atonement (render satisfaction) for sin. 
"But this he spake of -the ^rity which they th^t .believe 
on him should receive; For the Holy Ghost was not yet 
given; because that Jesus was not jet glorified." 

Thus the churph- of Jesus Christ, although purposea* 
of God eteraly and determined .from the ^foundation csf 
the wpr Id, and, whose .membership includes all the re- 
deemed' children of ^.God of all ages, and whose organiz- 
ation may be said to have begun when Jesus choee the 



THfc Jt-ILiittli-i 



twelve and gave, them the office of apostles, yet it 
could not come into actual being until the atonement 
was made by Christ on the cross, and the resurrection 
was accomplished and the baptism of the Holy Spirit 
r 1 on the day of Pentecost* Every true member of the 

church of Christ is born "of the Spirit" and that could 
not be a reality until the Holy Spirit was given ♦ Jesus 
said "it is expedient for you that I go away, for if I 
go not away, the comforter will not come unto^youj 
but if I depart, I will send him unto you.". , ^^ 

Thus we may see, at least in part, why it wa^of all 
those holy characters enumerated in the eleventh chapter 
of Hebrews : "These all died in faith, not having receiv- 
ed the promises, but having seen them afar off, and 
were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confess- 
ed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the eartHi 
And again, "And these all, having obtained a good re- 
port through faith, received not the promise: God 
having provided some better thing for us, that they 
without us should not be made perfect, (complete)." 

^ ' Thus we understand that they had an interest in the 
atoning work of Christ the same as we. They looked 
forward by faith to the time when Christ would take - 
away their sin incured through Adam, and the great day 
of the out-pouring of the Spirit upon all flesha They 
had the assurance that their sins would be removed and 
they would be included in the great family (church) of 
God through Christ > They "obtained a good report (were 
certified) through faith to become members of the body 
of Christ as soon as it should become a facto Jesus 
says "I will build my churchy" indicating some pre- 
determined purpose or plan. He does not say A CHURCH, 
but MY CHURCH. Also when he says, "I WILL build" indic- 
ates something that was then future. He believe it is 
still in the structural state and will not be complete 
until he comes and "gathers together in one the children 
of God that were scattered abroad**" The Apostle Paul 

^says in Eph. 2; 20-21: "And are built upon the foundat- 
ion of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself 
feeing the chief corner stone j In whom all the building 
fitly framed together GRCWETH into an holy temple in 
the Lord." 



Th£ flJLUktli'i 



The Apostle PauT'was specialy and miraculously chosen 
by Christ to be one of the "builders" of this great 
"temple in the Lord", wherein he said that he "labored 
. more than they all" when he saw this great building * 
in progress, his spirit by the "knowledge in the mystbxy 
of Christ," could soar beyond his own time and earthly 
bounds, "To the intent that now unto the principalities 
and powers in heavebly places might be known BY THE CHURCH 
^the manifold wisdom of God." Thus we understand the 
apostle to say that the CHURCH would be God ! s proof 
and demonstration to the heavenly powers and beings of 
his manifold wisdom (and love). 

No doubt this great redemption, and the manner by 
which it would be accomplished, was some of the "things 
which the angels desired to look into," There are many 
in our time who have accepted a school of interpretation 
that supposes that the proghet^ did hot see this great 
CHURCH AGE" but we humbl^her^ to our readers that it 
is the thing which they DID see* "Of which salvation 
the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, 
who PROPHESIED OF THE GRACE THAT SHOUID COM UNTO YOU: \ 
Searching what or what manner of time the Spirit of 
Christ which was in them did signify, WHEN IT TESTIFIED 
BEFOREHAND OF THE SUFFERINGS OF CHRIST, AM) THE GLORY 
THAT SHOUID FOLLOW. Unto whom it was revealed that not 
unto themselves BUT UNTO US KEY DID MINISTER THE THINGS 
WHICH ARE NOW REPORTED UNTO -YOU BY THEM THAT HAVE PREACH- 
ES)' THE GOSPEL WITH THE HOLY GHOST SENT DOWN FROM HEAVEN; 
which things the angels desired to look into." 

When our first parents were deceived in Eden and 
disobeyed God, no doubt the angels looked on with great 
concern and amazement and wondered what would be done. 
tf nether the great plan of God to have a people (children 
to be his own and love him) would be defeated and all 
.would now be lost? But soon came the announcement: 
"The seed of the woman would bruise the serpents head." 
This ment salvation by redemption^ but HCW would it 
be done? In like manner it was revealed to the 

holy prophets that redemption and salvation 
was assured* they prophesied of the "sufferings of 
Christ and the glory that should follow" which was the 
great Spirit age, when the Spirit of God would be poured 



Trihi KLLurti.4 



out on all flesh. "Until the Spirit be poured upon 
us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field 
and the fruitful field be counted for a forest*" "And 
it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out 

,jy Spirit upon all flesh And also upon the servants 

and upon the handmaid in those days will I pour out my 
Spirit ♦" And when this great baptism. of the Holy Spirit 
took place on the day of Pentecost, Peter being full of 
the Holy Ghost said "This is that which was spoken by 
the prophet Joel," 

There are two states or conditions in which the church 
exists j The one we call the church militant and the other 
the church triumphant* The first is a passing state, 
and the latter is the final or perfect state* The church 
"militant" is the state and qondition in which the church 
is in the world and in conflict with her foes, while 
waiting fox? the return of her Lord Jesus Christ* This 
is the tribulation period of the chuch. Jesus said, 
"in the world ye shall have tribulation, but in me ye 
shall have peace." How bitter the conflict and how great 
.the peace ox the children of God in Christ 1 s redeeming 
love are abundently told in the history of the nearly 
two thousand years of the sojourn of the church of Christ 
in the world. It is with the church as it was with 
Christ her Lord, rr Who in the days of his suffering - - 
pffered up prayers with strong crying and tears ." and 
"became obedient unto death, even the death of ; the cross, 
wherefore God hath highly exalted him and given him a 
name which is above every name." As the sufferings of 
Christ had an end and he was exalted "far above the heavens 
so the tribulation of the church will end, and then s he 
will then become the church "triumphant." Jesus said 
"If they have hated me they will hate you*" "Ye are not 
of the world because I am not of the world, therefore 
the world hateth you." "And the dragon was wroth with 
the .woman, and went to make war with the remnarit of her 
>eed, which keep the commandments of God and have the 
3stimony of Jesus Christ." 

In the church "militant", there are foes within as 
well as without • "For there are certain men crept in 
unawares, who were before of old ordained to this con- 
demnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God 



THE PILGRIM 



into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God/ 
and our Lord Jesus Christ*" "These are spots in your 
feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding 
themselves without fear, etc," Jude 'It, 12 « "For many * 
walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell", you ^ 
vvlthweeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of 
Christ," Phil. 3: 18, 

Because such conditions and characters can be in the 
church of Christ while in her earthly pilgrimage and 
rr militant" state, and it can not always be known who 
are the true children, and who are these wicked ones, 
has caused many in the past and also in. the present, 
time, to suppose that church of Christ is wholly iri- 
/isable; not knowing how otherwise to account for these 
avil characters in the church or to. reconcile this con- 
dition with the church that "is wothout spot or wrinkle 
or any such thing." We say that the. relationship between 
•Jhrist and his church is a "mystical" union, yet in so 
real a manner that the members are kri'own to one another 
and have the closest relation and, fellowship together . 
The apostles were fully aware of the "location of the 
churches in their .time and who the members were. We 
Relieve that there Is nothing in the world any more " 
real and visible than the church of Jesus Christ. It 
is so real that it has been bitterly persecuted from 
one first ages of its exi stance unto the present time, 
and undoubtedly will be until the Lord comes. It has 
been estimated that the "Martyrs" of the church during 
the "dark ages" numbered fifty million. 

We therefore share the view of the church historian 
who said "The future must reveal whether Christianity 
can be upheld without the Divine. Instutipn of the church, 
vis 4 whether the soul can live without the body, whether 
it will not at last resolve itself into a ghost or gnostic 
fantom, as certainly as the body without the soul sinks 
into a corpse. Meanwhile we hold to the maxim: Where 
Christ is, there is the church, his body; ancT where .*~ r 
church is, there also is Christ her head, and all grace; 
m& what God hath joined together- let not man put asunder," 
Space does not permit us to tell of the church "triumph- 
ant, but we refer the reader to Heb. !2: 22-2U and Rev. 
>5 9-lU and 7th chapter. stfdfCtJ- 



THE PIIGBIM 



SCRI.PTURA.L STUDY 

"SEARCH THE SCRIPTURES j FOR IN THEM " YE '"•* 
HAVE ETERNAL LIFE: AND THEY ARE THEY 
' ' . /WHICH TESTIFY OF ME." JNO. $t 39. 

There was never anyone in the world like Je'sus. 

He is not only the most talked of person si'n&e- ' his 

birth, but the most talked 6f ;and'VrltB6ri of y : person, 

before his; birth. There have been many great men in 

the world, both jrien of God and men of the world ; but 

with the exception : of probably only two other persons, 

-and they are'*narted in the Bible-*none of them were 

ever mentioned before their birth,; and it was not even 

known that they 'would be born. (If a'ny of 'the children 

read this, ;we. invite ydu to find out who these '-two" 'were.) 

But many things about Jesus birth and life, and i: " death, 

and even some of the words he would speak, were spoken 

of and foretold many hundreds of years before he was 

^born. We present* here some of the most outstanding. 

prophecies concerning Jesus, and th*L* corresponding 

"arisweres in the "New Testament* I>; r ' : - 

•'.:■•. y.) ■• o^- ■■"■ . ' 

The first prophecy concerning Jesus, and. what he 
would do, was spoken about I4OOO years before He was born# 
It is found in Genesis 3: 10: "And I will put enmity 
between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and 
her seed; IT (Christ) shall bruise thy head (the serpent) 
and thou shalt bruise his heel* 11 

Jno'»- 12 ;31 5 "Now is the judgment of this world: *riow 
shall tHfe prince of this world be oast but. 11 \ 

Deut. 18: 15: "The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee 
a prophet from the midst Vf thee, of thy brethren, like 
unto me j and unto him ye shall hearken. 11 
' JiiOt lih$i "We *have found him, of whom Moses in the law, 
'*M.and the prophets did write, Jesus of .Nazareth,-- the' son 
of Joseph." Jno. 5>>U6: "For had ye believed "Moses/ ye 
would 5 " have believed me : for he wrote *bf me. u 

That he would be born of the tribe of Judah: Gen. U?:10: 



THE PILGRIM 



"The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a 
lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come." 
Heb. ?:lh "For it ia evident that our Lord sprang out 
of Judah." ^ 

That he would be born of the family of David: Psm.132: 
11: "The Lord hath sworn in truth unto David; he will 
not turn from it; of the fruit of thy body will I set 
upon thy throne," 

Luke 2:11 "For unto you is born this day in the city 
of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord." 

That he would be born inEfethlehem: Micah f>:2 "But thou 
Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the 
thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall come forth 
unto methat is to be ruler in Israel." 
Luke 2:11 "For unto you is born this day in the city 
of David (Bethlehem) a Saviour who is Christ the^Lord." 

That ihe would be born of a virgin: Isa. 7 :1k "Behold, 
a virg*in shall conceive , and bear a son, and shall cc 
his name Immanuel." 

'Matt. 1:25 "And knew her not till she had brought forth 
her firstborn son." 

Tha*t his birth would be the occasion for the slaughter 
of *many infants: Jeremiah 31: l£; "A voice was heard 
in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping 5 Rahel weep- 
ing for her children refused to be comforted for her 
children because they are not." 

hafct# 2:1? "Then was fulfilled that which was spoken 
by Jeremy the prophet, saying, in Rama was there a 
voice heard, lamentation and weeping, and great mourn- 
ing, Rachel weeping for her children, and would rjot 
be comforted because they are not." 

That there would be a forerunner: Mai. 3:1 "Behold J **! 

send my messenger and he shall prepare the way before me." 
M§rk 1:2,3 "As it is written in the prophets, behold 
I send my messenger before thy face, which shall pre- 
pare "thy way before thee." 



THE" PILGRIM 



That he would ride into Jerusalem sitting on an- ass. 
Zech. 9i9t "Rejoice grep-tly, daughter of Zion; shout 
daughter of Jerusalem: behold thy King cometh unto 
^hee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and 
riding upon an ass,, and upon a colt the foal of an ass •" 
Jno* 12;lU: "And Jesus when he had found a young ass, 
sat thereon; as it is written, Fear not daughter of 
Sion: behold, thy king cometh, sitting on an ass f s colt." 

That he would heal the blind, the lame, the lepers etc. 
Isa» 3^:5: "Then -the eyes of the blind shall be opened, 
the ears of the .deaf shall be unstopped • Then shall tie 
lame man leap'a's an hart, and the tongue of the dumb 
sing." 

Matt, lit*?: "The blind receive their sight, and. the lame 
walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the 
dead are raised up, and the poor have the Gospel preach- 
ed to them a" 

-Isa. 5>3:3: "Ke is despised and rejected of men; a man 
of sorrows and acquainted with grief <>" ' 
Jno. 1:11: "He came unto his o'wn , and his own received 
him not." Katt. 26:38 "My soul is exceeding sorrow- 
ful unto death." * 

That he would be betrayed by a close friend: Psra. Ulz9t 
"Yea mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted,, which 
did eat of my bread .> hath lifted up his heel against me." 
Mark 1U:)43: "And iiinmediatly while he yet spake, cometh 
Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude 
with swords and staves, - - saying whomsoever I shall 
kiss, that same is he; take him and lead him away safely." 

He would be valued at 30 pieces of silver: Zech. .11:12: 
"If ye think good give me my price; and if not , forbear. 
.So they wieghed for my price thirty pieces of silver." 
Matt. 26:10: "What will ye give me and I will deliver 
him unto you? And they covenanted with him for .30 peices 
Of silver." 

Isa. 03:7: "As a sheep befor her shearers is dunb, so 



THE PILGRIM 



he openeth not his mouth. 11 ; 

Mark-1$:3-: "And the chief priests accused him of many 

things : but he answered nothing • " 

The people would -mock him: Psm. 22 ;7j8: "All they 
that see me. laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lipi 
they shake, the head, saying, He trusted on the Lord 
that. he would deliver him: let him deliver him se^ng 
.he delighted in him." 

Matt, 27:Ul: "likewise also the cheif priests mocking 
him, with the scribes and elders said, He saved others, 
himself he cannot save. - - - He trusted in Godj let 
him deliver him. now, if he will have him." 

Psm. 22: 16: "They pierced my hands and my feet." 
-Jno. 20:2$; "Except I shall seein his hands the print 
of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the 
•nails, and thrust my hand into his side I will not be- 
lieve." 

£ech. 12:10: "They shall look upon me whom they have ^ 
pierced # u - Jno. 19:3U: "But one of the soldiers wi 
a spear pierced his side." 

Isa. 53*12: "And he was numbered with the transgressors." 
Mark* l5:2?"And with him they crucify two' thieves." 

Psm.- 3U:20: "He keepeth all his bones: not one of them 
is. broken." Jno. 19:33: "But when they came to Jesus 
.and .saw that he was dead already, they break not his 
legs."- \ . 

Psmo 69:21: "They gave me also --gall for my meatj and 
in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink." . 
Matt. 2? :3U: "They gave him vinegar to drink mingled 
with gall," . • ;• ' \ r 

His dielng words were foretold: Psm. 22:1: "My God i 
God why hast thou forsaken me?" Repeated by Jesus, 
Matt. 27:U6. 

* 
They would cast lots for his garments. Psm. 22: 18 
He would be hurried in another man ! s tomb. Isa. ^3:9 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL. 1 NOVEMBER, 195U NO. 2 



u Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 



. THANKSGIVING 

Oh Lord to thee in cheerful lays, 
Our songs of gratitude arise, 

Accept our grateful heartfelt praise, 
Our prayer and humble sacrifice. 

Thy gracious kindly loving care, 
We see on every hand abounds; 

Thy blessings all the creatures share, 
And all their daily path surrounds* 

Oh can thanks giving f s joyful song, 
This graciousness of thine repay? 

Thy mercy that has waited long, 
Thy strict account to us delay? 

We thank thee for thy word of power, 
That all thy promises revealj 

To help us in each trying hour, 

And pent up hearts and lips unseal. 

We thank thee for salvation free, 

To all who will to thee confess; • /-> 

We yield our hearts and lives tp thee, 
Thy saving power and righteousness. 

We long to greet our coming King, 
And dwell xdth thee forevermorej 

We now to thee thanksgiving bring, 
To praise % and honor, and adore. 

J.T. Hovpr 



THE PILGRIM 



THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published 
monthly by Daniel F. Wolf in the interests of the mem- 
bers of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate 
lo^O per year. Sample copies sent free on request. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Rt. 3> Box 1378, Modesto, Calif. 



THANKSGIVING 

Thanksgiving: or, giving of thanks is an expression 
of appreciation and gratitude to another for some favor 
or benefit bestowed. In our present time the words 
!I thank you" or "thanks" have become a common courtesy 
or expression .of politeness- almost to a fault. We 
often say "thank you" for favors merely contemplated 
and not yet received. There is nothing more wholesome 
and conducive to peaceful and pleasant human relation- 
ships than genuine heartfelt gratitude to one another 
for all good received. If everyone weald be truly 
grateful to another for all known benefits bestowed, 
then great progress would be made toward peace and good 
will in the home, in the community and in the church* 

Ingratitude seems to be one of the hardest of human 
attitudes to bear. Benefits are some times bestowed 
upon person in need at great cost of means or personal, 
sacrifice upon the part of the benefactor, and if the 
vie who is thus favored is unmindful or unthankful for 
■such benefits it causes much sorrow and disappointment 
to the giver* Those who are truly benevolent * give of 
themselves and means to others who are in need, from 
a heart feeling of love and obligation to their fellow- 
oeing> and it may add so much to their happiness if 
they can know that their efforts were useful and appre- 
ciated; and often the only way for this to be known is 
for those who are thus benefited ±o express their 
appreciation in thankfulness. 

If all of this is so necessary and useful in human 
relations for the well being and happiness of all 
concerned, how much more' so is it true and vital in 
our relationship with our heavenly Father. 



THE PILGRIM 1$ 



Even Jesus gave thanks to God the Father. ~ Only 
Jesus knows how good the goodness of God is and what 
obligation devolves upon all intelligent being in heaven 
and in earth, because of that goodness to render praise 
and thanksgiving to God who is the giver of all good. 
It is recorded in many places in the Gospel how Jesus 
gave thanks -It seems that he never partook of any food 
without first giving thanks. .It was characteristic of 
him to take bread and give thanks and was 'the mean by 
which he was known of his disciples when he sat at' the 
table with them at Emmaus in the evening of the first 
day after he rose from the dead„ He gave thanks to the 
Father for the bread of the communion and for the eup 
of the New Testament. He^ thanked God that his wonderful 
works and truths were "hid from the wise and prudent 
and revealed unto babes", He thanked God at the grave 
of Lazarus because he knew that God would hear him when 
he would call Lazarus out of the grave. 

The Apostle Paul was a man of much prayer and thanks- 
giving. He thanked God for all of his brethren and 
converts to the Faith of Jesus Christ. And he writes 
to the Thessalonian Brethren to "Pray without ceasing 
and In every thing give thanks: for this is the will 
of God in Christ Jesus concerning you." In the first 
chapter of Romans, the Apostle Paul in declaring how 
the wrath of God is revealed against the ungodliness 
and unrighteousness of men "who hold the truth of God 
in unrighteousness : indicates that such depravity is 
caused by the wicked refusing to recognise the visible 
signs of the eternal power of the Godhead. "Because 
that when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, 
neither were THANKFUL; but became vain in their immag- 
inations, and their foolish heart was darkened." 

The Psalmist David was a man after God»s own heart, 
and he wrote many beautiful psalms of praise and thanks- 
giving to God. In the 1I|7 th ' Psalm he says "Sing , unto 
the Lord with thanksgiving; sing praise upon the. fcgpp 
unto our God." Daniel in a special prayer to God 'said 
M I thank thee, and praise thee, thou God of my fathers 
who hast given me wisdom and might, and hast made known 
unto me now what we desired of thee." Dan. 2r 23. . 
(continued at bottom of next page) 



16 THE PILGRIM 



LOVE'S FIRST SERVICE . /.., 

Love's first thought is a thought of service. Love 1 ?. 
first question is, what can I do for the loved one? 
Or what can I give? Not what can I get? Herein is the 
difference between friendship*- love- love that is pure 
and true — craving love. In any true friendship, he 
who is a friend is more desireous of giving than of 
getting, of being a friend than of having a friend, of 
loving than of being loved. It is the same with a 
lover or with a husband . If he thinks more of .the 
happiness he hopes to gain than of the happiness he 
will be able to give, his love is not of the sort it 
should be. It is not of the sort that is sure of 
success in its per suit. 

Divine love , - the love that the friend of friends 
has for his loved ones, is a giving love, not a craving 
love. He is ever among his friends as one who serve th) 
and he thinks more of evidencing his love than of hav- 
ing proof of its appreciation or return. Whoever would { 
love aright his friend, or his friends, must be desire- 
ous of loving than of being loved, and hi heart must 
be giving out continualy, not craving a reward of love. 

Myron J* Kinsley 



(Thanksgiving continued) 
In Heb. 13; l£,l6, the ApcStle "By him (Jesus) there- 
fore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God con- 
tinualy, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks 
to his name* But to do good and, to communicate forget 
not: for with such sacrifices as these God is well 
pleased." In Rev. U:9 the holy beings about the throne 
of God "Give glory and honor and* THA.NKS to him that sat 
on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever, saying, 
Thou art worthy Lord, to receive glory and honor and 
power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy 
pleasure they are and were created." that MEN would 
praise the Lord for his goodness and for his wonderful 
works to the children of men. 

D.F.W. 



THE PILGRIM 17 



THE HISTORICAL CHURCH 

*•*■ In attempting to review some of the facts concern- 
ring the "CHURCH" of Jesus Christ, it seems expedient 
: to consider first its New Testament history, 
:\- As we have said in a former article, the church of 
/God is the community of the people or pliildren of God 
redeemed from the earth; and inasmuch as Christ was to 
be* the "redeemer" the church could not come into actual 
being until Christ came. 

The prophet Isaiah said: "Behold I lay in Zion for 
a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner 
stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not 
make haste (flee away). And Jesus said "Upon this 
rock I will build my church." So the history of the 
church must begin with the ministry or Gospel pf Jesus 
Christ. The Church, The Gospel, and The Kingdom of 
Heaven are inseparable, and so we read in Mark 1, "The 
beginning' of the gospel of Jesus Christ the Son of Godj 
As it is written in the prophets, behold I send my 
messenger before thy face, which shall ^prepare thy way 
before thee. The voice of one crying in the wilderness, 
Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. 
John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the bap- 
tism of repentance for the remission of sins." 

Before John' finished his ministry Je i sus came and 
was baptized of John in Jordon, and the Spirit decended 
upon him in the form of a dove and a voice from heaven 
said "Thou art my beloved Son , in whom I am, well- pleas- 
ed," and immediatly afterward Jesus was driven by the 
Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. 

"Now after that John was put into prison, Jesus came 
into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of 
God, And saying,. The time is fulfilled, and the king- 
dom of God is at hand: repent ye and believe the gospel." 

Thus Jesus began alone (without any helpers) the 
preaching of the gospel of the kingdom of heaven. 
Next we find him by the sea of Galilee soliciting help- 
ers, or choosing disciples. And the men whom he bid 
to, follow him, immediatly left their work and followed. 



18 THE PILGRIM 



"'In Luke 6:13 we find that after a night in prayer 
to God, Jesus called unto him his disciples, and of 
them he chose twelve, ttfhom he named apostles (or gave m 
them the office of apostles) These twelve he commanded 
to go and preach "The kingdom of heaven is at hand." 
(the same gospel as he preached) also he commanded * 
them to. n Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into 
any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: But go rather 
to the lost sheep of the house of Israel ." In addition 
to their preaching he commanded them "to "Heal the sick, 
cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils*" 

The choosing and commissioning of these twelve offi- 
cers or apostles of the church was probably in the 
early part of Jesus' ministry, and near the close of 
it when he was ready to make his final departure from 
Galilee and his last journey to Jerusalem (Luke 10) 
he chose other seventy beside the twelve to go before 
him into all the cities into which he himself would 
come, and apparently gave them the same commission to 
preach and do miracles as he did the twelve • Their 
work was so successful that on their return to the 
Lord they exulted because even the devils. were subject 
unto them. But Jesus told them to not rejoice in their 
power over the devils but rather "Rejoice that your 
names are written in heaven."- A solemn lesson to every 
redeemed child of God. 

The number of people who followed Jesus is often 
spoken of in the gospel repord as/.J f The Multitude's", 
and no place i£ their number given except on thef ,twp 
occasions of the feeding of the £000, and the : l|6od. in 
the desert, "Beside women and children". There may 
have been many more in the cities. On one occasion 
"there were gathered together an innumerable multitude 
of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another." 
: In the 6th chapter of John we read that many of. his 
disciples x*ent back and walked with him no mere (after 
he had taught them "an hard saying" about eating his 
flesh and drinking his blood). It may be that all but 
the twelve left him, because, .he said unto the twelve, 
will ye also go away? 



THE PILGRIM 1? 



This may explain why there were only about an 
hundred and twenty that returned together to the upper 
room. from the Mount of Olives where they witthessed^ 
his ascension to heaven* 

In the I5th chapter of 1 Cor, the Apostle Paul says 
that Jesus was seen of above five hundred brethren at 
once after his resurrection. Some think that this was 
at the meeting i*ith : his disciples in the mountains in 
, Galilee, as he told 1 them before his death that after 
he was risen he would go before them into Galilee and 
there they would see him. But the first and second 
chapters of the Acts seem to indicate that it was only 
the 120 that were together on the day of Pentecost when 
they were baptized with the Holy Ghost. 

All that took place before the day of Pentecost may 
be said to be the preparation and the organization of 
the church and the giving of the commission. In Acts 
1 t^e read "The former treatise have I made Thoephilus 
of all that Jesus began both to do and to teach, until 
the day in which he was taken up,- after that he through 
the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles 
whom he had chosen; To whom he shewed himself alive 
after his passion by many infallible proofs, being 
seen of them'fourty days , and speaking of the things 
pertaining to the kingdom of God." They were given 
their offices and commissions of what and where to 
preach but were told to "wait" until they were endued 
with "power" from on high. This they obediently did and 
0X1 the day of Pentecost the great promise of God through 
the holy prophets, of the ages past, of the great out- 
pouring of the Spirit of God on all flesh came to pass: 
and the "Church" became the living body of Christ 
quickened by the eternal Holy Spirit of the Godhead; 
with God the Father, Christ the Head, and The Holy 
Ghost the living, quickening Spirit, 

On this great "birthday" or launching of the Church 
on her earthly career and pilgrimage, the apostles 
being filled with the Holy Ghost preached with such 
"power from on High" that there were added to them 
the same day "about three thousand souls." 



20 THE PILGRIM 



Thus the Church was Increased' on the opening day l 
of her earthly pilgrimage by three thousand souls, and 
' soon afterward we read ih "the Uth of Acts "Many of their A 
which heard the word believed, and the number of the 
men was about five thousand • " Still later chapter 
6" says' "In those days when the number of the disciples 
was 'multiplied 1 , there arose a murmering of the Grecians 
against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected 
in the daily ministration* Then the twelve called the 
"multitude" of the disciples unto them - -• No number 
is mentioned here but the number may have been doubled 
or more by this' time* 

Up to this time (the choosing of the seven as record- 
ed in Acts 6) there appears to have been only the church 
in Jerusalem;, "and it appears that the Temple was their 
headquarters and place of worship, or principle place 
of worship. But after Stephen, who was one of the seven, 
had so confounded the Jex^s with his preaching and test- 
imony and so enraged them with his convicting of them 
as the murderers of Jesus, that they stoned him to deati* 
it is said in the 8th chapter of the Acts, "At that 
time there was a great persecution against the church 
which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered 
abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, 

except the apostles. - Therefore they that were 

scattered abroad went everywhere preaching the word* 11 

Saul of Tarsus (afterwards the Apostle Paul) seems 
to have been the leader of them that killed Stephen', 
and he became exceedingly zealous in opposing the church 
that he determined to follow those whom he had driven 
out of Jerusalem and destroy any disciples which they 
may have made in other places to which they had been 
driven* So he obtained letters of authority from the 
chief priest at Jerusalem to go to Damascus, and if he 
should find any disciples there he might bring them 
bound to Jerusalem to punish or kill them. But the Lord • 
met him in a powerful and miraculous way before he reac^" 
ed his destination, and was converted, but was command- 
ed to continue on his way to Damascus and seek help from 
a certain disciple named Ananias (perhaps one whom he 
had intended to arrest. (Continued next issue) 



THE PILGRIM 21 



N0NRE5ISTANCE 'AND -ROMANS -13* 



The image of God in which man- was created no doubt 
included the "Divine Nature", which is love. God 
created mankind to love and do good. "And God blessed 
them and God said unto them, be fruitful and multiply, 
and replenish the earth, and subdue it* and have dom- 
inion over the fish of the sea., and over the foul of 
the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon 
the earth," Thus it is clear from the Word of God 
that the earth was made for man and man was made to 
live upon the earth and enjoy his habitation and being. 
Therefore since Adam was made in the image of God, his 
children were intended to be the children of God, and 
be a praise to God in the earth. Jesus said in Mtt. $ 
"Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the earth." 

All who are in possession of the love of God, "love 
righteousness and hate iniquity." The love of God is 
the highest ideal and attainment of moral character. 
No man can love God and hate his. neighbor (or -brother) 
The love of God and selfishness can not dwell in -the 
heart of any one at the same time. Love thy neighbor 
as thyself is the love of God: against such there is 
no law. "Owe no man anything but to love one another: 
for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. For 
this, thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not 
kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false 
wittness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any 
other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this 
saying , namely, Thou shalt shalt love thy neighbor as 
thyself. Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: therefore 
love is the fulfilling of the law." Rom. 13: 8-10. ■ 

"Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a 
pure heart, and of a good .conscience^ and of faith un- 
feigned: : But we know that the law i-s ,.gpod if 

a man use it lawfully; knowing this that the law is not 
made ^ for a righteous man, but for the lawless and dis- 
obedient, for the ung;odly and for sinners, for unholy 
and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of 
mothers, for menslayers, for whoremongers, for them them 
that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, 



22 THE PILGRIM 



for liars , for perjured persons, and if there be any 
otherthing that is contrary to sound doctrine; accord- 
ing to the glorious gospel of the Blessed God, which «. 
was committed to my trust #" 1 Tim* 1: 5>, 8-10. 

Thus it is clear that all who obey the glorious 
"gospel of the Blessed God, which Paul preached, need no 
"carnal law or weapons to control them; and it is equaly 
clear that not all men will obey it. And although the 
ungodly and disobedient do not obey the "glorious gospel 
of the Blessed God"yet God will not suffer them to des- 
troy the righteous out of the T^rorld. 

Ho society can exist without some kind of law* God's 
children are governed by the law of righteousness which 
is the love of God written in their hearts by the Holy 
Ghost which is given unto us. Those who do not accept 
this law of love and self restraint (self denial) are 
not the 'children of God, but belong to another society, 
which have not the law of God written in their hearts; 
They belong to this world system which is carnal and 
without the Spirit. 

The law of love being absent in that system, they are 
bound to use force if necessary to maintain their own 
society which is a lower order than that of the christian 
community, (the church)* Otherwise they could not ex- 
ist, since there is no self restraint and there could 
be no liberty for any but the strongest and most selfish. 

"The meek shall inherit the earth" They could have 
the control of it now, and would have had since the 
creation, if it had not been for the ungodly and dis- 
obedient. - (they selfishly take it by force from the 
righteous .whose right it is by inheritance because they 
are the "children of God.) 

The presence of the righteous in the world is a witt- 
■nes's against the ungodly . God has made it so that those 
who by choice refuse his Kingdom of love and peace, must 
of necessity accept the only alternate - that of the 
kingdoms of this world j and in order to enjoy any degree 
of freedom and justice at all they must maintain an order 
among themselves, and restrain by force, if necessary, 
the ungodly and selfish. 



THE PILGRIM 23 



In maintaining an order 'within their own society, . 
for their own protection, they at the same" time restrain 
the ungodly and disobedient from interfereing with or 
destroying the righteous. Therefore God has provided 
and ordained governments whereby each society controls 
its own. The children of God are controled by the law 
of love written in their hearts. They need no sword 
to. execute wrath because love worketh no ill to his 
neighbor. These people are a blessing in the earth) 
they' are "The salt of the earth" "The light of the world" 
They teach and practice the love "of God and always- invite 
men from the lox^rer order to this^ higher calling into the 
"glorious liberty of the children of God". They are no 
threat or hindrance to the lower order but on the con- 
trary they are a benefit and blessing. God preserves 
this lox^rer order also and maintains order and govern- 
ment among them that all who will may have opportunity 
to hear and obey the glorious gospel of truth anci ! salv- 
ation. "For he sends his rain alike on the just and 
unjust." And "The grace of God which bringeth salvation 
hath appeared to all men, teaching us* that denying' 
ungodliness and worldly lusts we should live soberly 
and righteously and Godly in this present world; looking 
for the blessed hope and the glorious appearing of the 
great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ." 

It is coinmon for those who take up carnal weapons 
to defend the state to chide the non-resistant with the 
proposition that the state protects him and gives him 
the privileges which he enjoys. But this is only partly 
true") the stats protects him by restraining the dis- 
obedient of its own society from interfereing with the 
rights Which God gives him . The rights and privileges 
are not of the state but of God. Thus it is God's 
government and means of protecting his children from 
the lawless and disobedient, "For rulers are not a terror 
to good works, but to the evil. - - For he is the minister 
of God to thee for good." Rom. 13: 3,U. 

If all men would:" accept" the law of God's love and 
righteousness there -would be no need of any restrain- 
ing by force; as, "The law was not made for the right- 
eous but for the lawless and disobedient." 



2ii THE PILGRIM 



If all just men would repent and turn to God (become 
children of God by being born again) and have his laws 
written in their hearts by the "Holy Ghost which is m 
given unto us/ 1 what a great influence it would be for 
good and even the "disobedient" would see that it is 
good, and every one whom it would be possible to convert 
would be converted, and the only ones who would not be 
would be the children of the -devil.. Thus the issue 
would be clear and God would maintain the cause of the 
righteous. But because men wil not distinguish clearly 
between the two kingdoms, and the professors of Christ- 
ianity will still align themselves with the kingdom of 
this world and attempt to help to : control its govern- 
ment, the issue becomes confused and many fail to see 
clearly the separatness of the two kingdoms* 

The subject of this world society says that the 
christian xclshes the state to fight for him- to pre- 
serve his liberty. This is not true; but quite the 
.reverse is true. The christian has no fight with any 
one that can be fought with carnal weapons. "For the 
weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty 

through God to the pulling down of strong holds - 

and bringing into captivity every thought to the obed- 
ience of Christ." 2 Cor, 10: h$* The truth of the 
matter is, that the children of this world (system) 
have a fight with the disobedient and lawless of their 
own system and they wi-sh the christian to help them to 
fight for the preservation of an inferior system. In 
so doing they ask the christian to contrary him- 
self and violate the law of God which is in his heart, 
and seek to drag Mm down again to the lower order out 
of which God has called him by his great love. He has 
been commanded by God through Jesus Christ to forsake 
this present evil world (system) and to embrace the 
kingdom of heaven (kingdom of peace) Because 'this world 
is under -judgment and^must pass away; "But he that doei * 
the will of Gad abideth forever." Jesus refused to be *■ 
King, although he was the most "promising" of all rulers 
that ever graced the earth and he would not suffer his 
disciples to defend him with the sword against the 
violent mob^ th&t put him to death. 



THE PILGRIM 25 



The Apostle Paul in Romans 13 did not contemplate 
a "democracy". He did not envision christians making 
and executing laws to govern the ungodly. He did not 
himself attempt: to do it: for he said "what have I to 
with them that are without?" Jesus did not do it for 
he refused to be king and also said "Render to Caesar 
the things that are Caesar" s" and he told Peter to find 
the "tax" money in the fish f s mouth "lest we offend 
them*" and to another he said "Who made me a divider 
over you?" 

The government "Of the people, for th3 people, and 
by the people is not christian; its highest ideal is 
"liberty" that is, freedom from interference in the 
persuit of wellbeing and happiness. It establishes no. 
basis for wellbeing and happiness, only the right to 
seek and per sue it. The highest ideal of Christianity 
is righteousness which is obedience to the law of God 
through all the means of the work of Christ, It estab- 
lishes a basis for wellbeing and happiness; which is 
the love of God: "Love thy neighbor as thyself," 

Democracy is a privilege xathin a higher government, 
"For there is no poitfer but of God," It is a moral 
privilege' and expedient within a higher order of society 
xtfhere individuals desire a high order of social privilege 
without full obedience to Divine law, - that of TRANS- 
LATION by Spiritual birth into "The Kingdom Of God*s 
Dear Son," It is an attempt to enjoy the highest social 
-privilege x-athout final surrender of ones self to obed- 
ience- to Christ, Self government by self made laws, 
sfelf improvement, self sufficiency, self determination: 
are all ideals of the government: "of thepeople,-fbr 
the people, and by the people." In the end it is an 
attitude that does not recognise the fall of humanity 

through sin and the need of a redeemer and Saviour, 

Democracy did not create nor : establish Christianity. 
But Christianity promoted such concepts of rights a$d 
freemdom of men that they have conceived the principles 
of democracy to be just and good for the government of 
the nation, Christianity began and was established in 
the world under Imperial government. Andnoj^only was 
it NOT protected by that govePmeffif ^m^EEewhole world 



26 THE PILGRIM 



system was arrayed AGAINST it with the sword and all 
carnal weapons, and was unable to destroy it. It is 
said that at the time of Constantine (when the Pagan 
world put up the sword from fighting Christianity) 
half of the Roman Empire was Christianized* This was 
accomplished without the use of the sword by the christ- 
ians for defence and in spite of the power of the sword 
against it* 

Me thank God for this good and mild government under 
which" we live* We believe it is ordained of God, for 
"There is no power but of God: the pollers that be are 
ordained of God* Whosoever therefore resisteth the 
•poorer ,v. resisteth the ordinance of God*" "For he is the 
minister.; of God ; a revenger to execute wrath upon him 
that doe-th evilo" If 'the Christian should resisjb the 
civil power 3 which is for the punishment of evil-doers, 
he Ttfould be encouraging evil which he cannot do and be 
obedient to the law of God* The Apostle says "Let every 
soul be SUBJECT to the higher powers; he does not say 
DEFEND* but be SUBJECT. This same Apostle says in thb fc» 
proceeding chapter: "Dearly beloved, avenge not your- 
selves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is 
written , vengeance is mine: I will repay saith the 
Lord* Therefore if thine enemy hunger feed him; if 
he thirst give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt 
heap qoals of fire on his head*" 

This is not the mission of the "executor of wrath" 
that bears the sword for the punishment of evil-doers. 
But it is the mission of "The children of God". We 
cannot occupy both positions j they have different 
missions and use different means, and have different 
ends in view* The Christian mission is to teach and 
practice the love of God and seek to convert men from 
the natural or carnal state 'into the Spiritual realm 
and salvation of God by Jesus Christ by the New Birth; 
while the Civil government or the bearer of the sx^rord *> 
is.; to restrain and punish* There is not even any 
inference in Romans 13 of any partnership of the 
Christian in the government of the stateor of its right 
to require him to defend it with the "sword". 

D.F.W. 



THE PILGRIM 27 



"SCRIPTURAL STUDI" 

WHAT PEOPLE THOUGHT OF JESUS WHEN HE WAS HERE . 
"WHOM DO MEN SAY THAT I THE SON OP. MAN AM?" 

"Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Ellas; 
and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets." Katt. 16: 
13, 1H* 

John 3:2: Nicodemus said, "We know -that thou art 
a teacher come from God for no man can do these miracles 
that thou doest, except God be with hiin." 

Herod said: "This is John the Baptist] he is risen 
from the dead." Matt. lU:l. 

The devils said: "I know thee who thou art, the 
Holy One of God." Mk. 1:2U. 

The Jews said: "He is a Samaritan and hath a devil. 
Jno. 8: U8. "We know that this man is a sinner-," Jno. 
9: 2 In "If he were not a Malefactor we xreruld not have 
delivered him up unto thee. Jno. 18: 30. "A deceiver," 
Matt. 27:63, 

The man that was born blind said, "He is a prophet" 
Jno. 9: 17. 

His friends said, "He is beside himself." Mk. 3: 21. 

Some said "He is a good man: Others said^ nay; but 
he deceive th the people." Jno. 7: 12. 

The officers said, "Never man spake like this man." 
Jno. 7: U6. 

The people said, "Hosanna: Blessed is the- King of 
Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. Jno* 12: 13. 

Pilate wrote his title, "The king of- the Jews." 

The centurian said, "Truly this man was the Son of 
God:. Mk, 15: 39, 

But a voice from heaven said, "This is my beloved 
Son in whom L am well pleased*" Matt* 3: l%i hear ye 
him." Matt, 17: 5c 

The disciples in the sinking ship greatly fear him. 
Mk. hi Ule- - r 

The centurian, whose servant Jesus healed did not 
think himself x*orthy for Jesus to come under his roof. 
Matt. 8:8. 



28; THE PILGRIM 



"BUT WHOM SAX IE' THAT I AM? 

Peter said, n Thou art the Christ, the Son of the 
living God." Matt. 16: 16, 

Andrew said, "We have found the Messias" Jno. l:hl. 

Philip said, "We have found him, of whom Moses in 
the law and the prophets did write." Jno. 1: h$* 

Nathaniel said, "Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; 
thou art the King of Israel. 11 Jno. I%h9. 

Simeon said, "Mine eyes have seen thy salvation, 
which thou hast prepared before the face of all people." 
A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy 
people Israel." Luke 2: 30- 32. " 

Martha said, "I believe that thou krt the Christ, 
the Son of God , which should come 'into the world." 
Jno. 11: 27. 

-' The Eunuch said, "I believe that Jesus Christ is 
the Son -of God." Acts 8: 37. 

Saul (or Paul) preached in the synagogues at Damas c^ 
immediately after his conversion that Christ "Is the 
Son of God." - : 

The people that .were in the ship at the time that 
Peter ; walked on the water came and worshipped him, 
saying "Ox a -.truth thou art the Son of God"." 

The people of Main said, "That a great prophet is 
risen up among us; and that God hath visited his people." 
Luke 7: 16,. 

The thief on the cross said, "Lord remember me when 
thou •comest into' thy kingdom. 11 Luke 23: k2 • 

The Apostle John said, "That which was from the 
begining, which we have heard, which we have seen with 
our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have 
handled , of the Word of life; (For the life was man- > 
ifested and we have seen it, and bear wittness, and 
shew unto you that eternal, which was with the Father 
and was manifested unto us.) 1 Jno. 1: 1,2. 

Dear reader: What do YOU say about Jesus? 

D.F.W. 



THE PILGRIM 



OL. 1 DECEMBER 19$U NO. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 



Tell me the story of Jesus; 
Write on my heart every word; 

Tell me the story most precious, 
Sweetest that ever was heard. 

Tell how the angels in chorus , 
Sang as they welcomed his : birth, 

"Glory to God in the highest I 
Peace and good tidings to earth*" 

Fasting alone in the desert, - 
Tell of the days that are past; 

How for our sins he was tempted, 
Yet was triumphant at last* -■ 

Tell of the years of his labor, 
Tell of the sorrows he bore, 

He was despised and afflicted, 
Homeless, rejected and poor. 

Tell of the cross where they nailed him, 
Writhing in anguish and pain; 

Tell of the grave where they laid him,' 
Tell how he liveth again.. : 

. Love in that story so, tender, 
Clearer than ever I see;' 

Stay, let me weep while you whisper: 
Love paid the ransom for me, 



30 THE PILGRIM 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published 
monthly by -Daniel F. Wolf in the interests of the mem- 
bers of The Old Brethren Church, Subscription rate: t 
% l o 50 per yesr. Sample copies sent free on request* 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Rt. 3, Box 1378, Modesto, Calif. 



THE STORY OF JESUS 

As we near the Christmas time again we naturaly 
think of the "story 11 of Jesus 1 birth, as "Christmas" 
is intended to celebrate that wonderful event. No 
other child ever had so magnificent and miraculous a 
birth as Jesus . Never was there so;much heavenly 
demonstration arid attendance at the birth of a child 
as there was at the time of Jesus' birth. 

The prophets had foretold of his -coining long before 
it came to pass. The first prophecy concerning him 
was in Eden at the time of the fall, when it was said 
that "the seed of the woman" would bruise the serpent 1 
head. It did, not say how or when it would be. Twenty- 
five hundred years later, Moses said He (that seed) 
ttfould be a prophet that would be raised up from among 
the brethren of the children of Israel, Jacob, the 
grandson of Abraham, said, two hundred years before 
Moses, that He would come of the tribe 
of Judah, and David said, five hundred years after 
Moses, that He would be of the family of David. Isaiah 
prophecied seven hundred and fifty years after Moses 
and seven hundred and fifty years before Christ's birth 
that He would be born of a VIRGIN; and the Prophet 
Micah said, at about the s % arne time, He would be born 
in Bethlehem, Daniel told it in Babylon about two 
hundred years later that He would be born at a set 
time after the return of the children of Israel from 
the Babylonian captivity and the rebuilding of Jeru- 
salem, Also at about the same time that Moses told of 
His coming, Balaam, a prophet of God, told the king 
of the heathen people on the east border of the land 
of Palestine, that there would came "a star out of Ja^ob 
and a scepter should rise out of Israel," 



THE PILGRIM 31 



Thus the event of the birth of Jesus was prophecied 
long before, and there was great expectancy at the 
time it came to pass. 

The story of the birth of Jesus, and the events 
immediatly preceeding and following it, is indeed a 
beautiful and sweet story. It is a story of angels 
and, holiness and purity and innocence, and honor and 
faith: How the angel appeared to Zacharias the priest 
father of John the fore-runner of Christ, how the , 
Angel Gabriel visited the Virgin Mary to announce the 
Holy Ghost conception, the beautiful Holy Ghost proph- 
ecies of Elisabeth and Mary concerning their yet un- 
born sons, how both John and Jesus Vere named by the 
angels before they were born, how the devout and hono- 
rable Joseph believed what the angel of God told him 
in a dream about Mary; how the poor humble pair tjho 
were the mother and foster father of the Holy Child 
Jesus- the Son of God, came unknown and unnoticed into 
the little town of Bethlehem and were crowded out of 
the accomodations which it seems they so much needed, 
and had to take what was left- a place in the stable 
with the beasts of the stall. ■■ The new born babe, the 
swadling cloths, the manger cradle, the Virgin Mother, 
the devout Joseph j the angel of the Lord in the night 
skies telling the shepherds that n To you is born this 
day a Saviour who is Christ the Lord," the multitude 
of the heavenly host singing and praising God, and 
saying "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth- 
peace, good 'will toward men," How the parents took 
him into the temple on the eighth day to be circum- 
cised and how 5iimeon took him up in his arms and . 
blessed him and uttered a prophecy concerning, him that 
-struck at the soul of his mother and how ..she pondered 
it, and all the other wonderful things that were told 
her of him, in her heart: All combine, to' make up the 
"sweetest" and most wonderful story "that ever was 
heard." 

When we attempt to tell the "story of Jesus" there 
is much more to tell than of his. birth. Magnificent 
and wonderful as was that event, it is not the main 



32 THE PILGRIM 



emphasis of the gospel stories that were written of; 
him* Of the four Gospel writters, tx^o of them omrt 
the story of his birth entirely. The Apostle John 
wrote a small book about him; he did not begin with 
his birth, but with, his; pre-existance with God the 
Father before the world was. He emphasizes his Divin- 
ty and doctrine and after relating many wonderful 
things which he did, he says "And many other signs 
truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples which 
are not written in this book: But these are written 
that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the 
Son of Godj and that believing ye might have life 
through his name." 

The story of Jesus 1 HUMANITY, in infancy, child- 
hood, youth, and manhood, his service to humanity, 
and even his doctrine of goodness and love, has almost 
universal human appeal and acceptance. No other hum- 
anity has ever appeared to equal it. There is nothing 
in it that is not acceptable to the hum&n sense, and 
the HUMAN Jesus grows more and more popular. But the 
CHRIST the SON OF GOD, CONCEIVED OF THE HOLY GHOST, 
and his doctrine of SELF DENIAL and the CROSS- and death 
to sin, are no more popular now than when He x-jas here. 

Those of us who are middle age. and older can easily 
remember how "Christmas 11 has been popularized and 
commercialized in our own time* When xfe were children 
there was no such celebration of Christmas in public 
places as we now see in the streets and markets of 
our towns and cities, where "Silent night, holy night" 
is mingled and sometime lost in the noise and din and 
clatter o£ the moving mass of anxious and busy Christ- 
mas shoppers ♦ 

Jesus is worthy of all praise, and we do not mini- 
mize the glory and importance of the event of his birth. 
Only God knows how much of our great "Christmas" is 
an honor to Him and how much of it is idolatry. Many 
people celebrate "Christmas" who do not even believe 
in him, and to some it is a time for revelry and 
sensual and sinful. practice 3 which are greatly in dis- 
honor to God and Christ. 



THE PILGRIM 33 



Jesus did not institute any memorial of his "birth 
and there is no hint in the New Testament that it was 
ever observed in the apostolic times. The Schaff- 
Hersog Encyclopedia says: that there is no historical 
evidence that our Lord* s* birthday was celebrated during 
the apostolic or post-apostolic times , but places the 
begining of its observance in the third century. 

We have no desire to take the "baby Jesus" away 
from the children but we must n6t leave him forever 
in the manger. We must not become so sweetly attract- 
ed to the babe in the manger that we forget why he 
came into the world. The story of Jesus 1 birth and 
humility and service to mankind is a sweet story, but 
there is also a bitter story about Jesus. He said he 
came into the world to destroy the works of the devil; 
and that ment a bitter conflict. No one ever suffer- 
ed like he did* The bitter envey and hatred of the 
leaders of his own -'people, the treachery and betrayal 
of his own' "familiar friend" and the scourging and 
scorns, and the cruel cross where they nailed him, is 
the bitterest story ever told. 

We must know Jesus not only as the "Christ-child" 
but also as Savior and Lord; or as Thomas said "My 
LORD AND m GOD." tohen we "tell the story of Jesus" 
we must also tell of his suffering. Our front page 
poem says: "Tell of the years of his labor; Tell of 
the sorrows he bore; He was despised and afflicted ,i 
Homeless rejected and poor. Tell of the cross where 
they nailed him, Writhing in anguish and pain; Tell 
of the grave where they laid lifii; Tell THAT HE LIVETH 
AGAIN." • 

The story will not all be told on this side of : 
eternity, but they will still be telling it in the 
glory world, for we read in Rev. 5: 11,12: "And I 
beheld and heard the voice of many angels round about 
the throne . . . v and the number of them was ten tho- 
usand time ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; 
Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the LAMB THAT WAS 
SLAIN to receive power and, riches, and wisdom and stren- 
gth, and' honour and glory and blessing for ever and 

ever - ' D.F.W. 



3U . r . THE PILGRIM 



OUR LABOR OF LOVE 

It would be difficult to find a better description - 
of 'an ideal church than that at Thessalonica as re- 
corded by Paul. * They had "turned to God from idols 
to serve the. living and true Godj and to wait for his 
Son "from heaven. "; 

Faith j love j and hope are the marks of that church, 
as they are of any true church, Thay expressed their 
faith in turning from idols to 1 God; their love in 
serving God; their hope in waiting for the return of 
Jesus Christ. They posessed'a work of faith, a labor 
of love j ,a patience of hope. ' 

"The church today stands between the past and future, 
living in that period* of existance corresponding to 
the labor of love, its present 'work as* it looks to the 
future in hope. 

What is this labor of love? God did not compel us 
to become christians. He provided the way of salvation 
and we accepted it. Now that we are christians, God 
does not, force obedience upon us. Our service is a 
labor of love. Jesus said, "If ye Loire me , keep my 
commandments." 

God is no respector of persons. Thus just treat- 
ment may be expected by every person. Without justice 
reigning on the throne, the labor of love would soon 
vanish. Love and justice cannot be divorced without 
creating confusion. Under' any government where one 
man is punished and another goes free when guilty of 
the same crime, love for that government turns to 
hatred and contempt, When a law discriminates against 
one in favor of another/ people feel no obligation to 
obey that law. ' Love *and justice walk together; in- 
justice creates hatred. 

God is just;' justice reigns in His Kingdom. Because 
of this/ the followers of Jesus Christ feel obligated * 
■to respect and 'obey his commandments.: Our labor of 
love reveals how deeply this obligation rests upon us. 

What is the extent of this labor of love? There. is 
no limit.' Herein is shown the wisdom of God. When 



THE PILGRIM 35 



a goal has been reached, interest wanes* The race is 
over. The ultimate has been achieved. The alternate 
is to establish a goal toward which we ever strive, 
yet never reach. 

When God established a goal for our labor of love 
and achievement, He* did not tell us to pattern after 
David, Joseph, or John. Some might equal them today, 
, and tomorrow have nothing toward which to strive. 
Reaching that goal, we might lack future interest, for 
the incentive has vanished. 

When God gave us Jesus as a Saviour, and a pattern 
for the christian life, He gave us a goal toward which 
to strive. Our labor of love in serving Jesus , as 
Jesus served the Father, knows no limits. Paul ex* 
pressed it in Phil* 3; lb- "I press toward the mark 
for the prize of tite high calling of God in Christ 
Jesus. " 

For us this means a life of conflict. The strife 
is continuous; there is no quitting place. Night 
brings joy over the victories of the day; the morning 
brings us face to face with unconquered territory 
which must be won. Our joy lies in the battle against 
sin, in our striving toward our goal. 

Do you consider your life a failure? Perhaps it 
differs in others only in degree of failure. We all 
are failures in reaching the goal set before us, but 
the height we failed to reach this year may be reached 
next year. The greater the time and effort used to 
reach the goal, the less time we have to moan over our 
failures. 

Christian perfection does not come all at once. God 
did not plan it that way. He knew what happened to 
people who achieved their goals;' -so he gave us unlimit- 
ed opportunity to extend our labor of love throughout 
our earthly life. If our labor of love extends to the* 
very hour of death, we still will be short of the 
pattern established for us. 

lou know folks who have retired from a farm, or 
other business. Life became a listless round of ex- 
istence. Daily toil brought happiness; idleness ' 
brought no pleasure. This is true of the Christian. 



.^.36. _ THE' 7 PILGRIM, 



When he ceases his labor of love , his Christian life 
becomes dull. The joy of conflict and growth in grace 
is gone* Once we reach that stage in our Christian * 
lives , we are losers* 

Christian people, bored with the religion they now 
profess, will find life more interesting and enjoy- 
able if they realy would work at this labor of love. 
Follow Paul*s admonition to press on, press. cm,' ever 
pressing on toward the goal God has given us in Jesus 
Christ. 

We turned to God in faith;- we look ahead in hope 
as we await the return of Christ. In the interval 
in which we live, let us make our labor of love worth 
while, as we fill our lives with an ambition to mount 
as high as possible toward the goal set before us. 

By L.L. Mightman 

Selected from Gospel Herald 



TRIBUTE TO THE BIBLE 

The bible is God*s message to mankind. In it is 
found soul -light, comfort and joy. It is the sword 
to our warfare; the lamp to our feet; the light to 
life's pathway; the source of true wisdom and the 
.text-book of ethics. In it we find the best law, the 
golden rule; the best philosophy^ a contented mind; 
the best statesmanship, self-government; the best war, 
; that against ones own weakness; the best medecine, 
cheerfulness and temperance in all things; the best 
-music, the laughter of an innocent soul; the best 
science, the extraction of sunshine from gloom; the 
best art' painting, a smile on the face of childhood; 
the best telegraphy, the flashing of light into a 
gloomy heart; the best diplomacy, the effecting of a . 
treaty of peace with our conscience; the best biogra- 
phy, the life that writes LOVE in the largest letters 
and holiest deeds; the best engineering, the building 
of a bridge across the river of death # 



THE PILGRIM 37 



It teaches us how to multiply joys, subtract sorrows, 
divide sufferings, add to the gum of happiness, and 
cancel selfishness. Read it, believe it, love it, 
-obey it, and it will lead you into the Garden of God, 
where the wealth of eternal ages -will be your portion. 

Selected from, a pamphlet sent in by Sister 
Stella Flora, which was found in Brother 
Reuben 1 s bible after his decease. 



... THE HISTORICAL CHURCH - - 

In our former article we had followed the ' New- 
Testament history of the church from Pentecost through 
its. development into a very large membership in* Jeru- 
salem (the "multitude, of disciples"-), and to its "first 
general persecution, "that arose about Stephen^" and 
to the conversion of Saul (Paul) who was no- doubt the 
leader of them that stoned Stephen*- This 'is under- 
stood to have been about ten years , and still up to 
this time there appears to have been no churches es- . 
tablished outside of Jerusalem* 

In Acts, Us 19>20, we read "Now they which were 
scattered abroad upon the persecution that arose about 
Stephen traveled as far as Phenice, and Cyprus , and 
Antioch, preaching the Word to none but unto the Jews 
only* And some of them were men of Cyprus and Gyrene, 
which, when they were come to Antioch, spake' unto the ■ 
Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus." "And the hand 
of the Lord was with them: and a great number believed 
and turned unto the. Lord."' Thus we have the account 
of the Grecians,- or Gentiles, in Antioch which is in- * 
Syria, being converted and joining the church* : lt is 
thought, that this acceptance of the Gentiles into the 
church at Antioch, was probably about twelve years 
after Pentecost and about :two year? after Peter re- 
ceived Cornelius and his company into the church at , 
Caes.area. . 

Prior to this receiving the Gentiles "at Antioch, 



38 THE PILGRIM 



churches had been established in Judaea, Galilee and 
Samaria., (See Acts* 9:31 and bible maps), and in con- 
nection with it the gospel was preached in Phenice 
and Cyprus, and churches probably planted there also. 
See Acts* 11:19. Also there ^e re disciples in the 
city of Damascus in Syria. Acts 9: 2$ . 

The thirteenth and fourteenth chapters of the Acts* 
give an account of the first missionary journey of 
Paul and Barnabas, which was also the first organized 
effort of the church to preach the gospel to the 
Gentiles. This may have been a year or two before 
the Jerusalem Council as recorded in Acts 1$, which is 
understood to have been about twenty years after 
Pentecost, 

. This missionary journey of Paul and Barnabas x^as 
authorized by the Holy Ghost" and directed by the 
Antioch Church, see Acts. 13: 1~3» This journey took 
them through the Island of Cyprus j Attalia and Perga 
in Pamphyliaj Lystra, Derbe, and Iconium in Lyconiaj 
and possibly into Cilicia,(as there were churches in 
Cilicia at the time of the Jerusalem Council, but 
they may have been established there by the Apostle 
Paul before this time.) At lystra the apostles were 
received at first as "gods" because they healed a man 
that was born lame; but afterwards, being enraged by 
unbelieving Jews from Antioch and Iconium, they stoned 
Paul, supposing him to be dead. But he revived and 
they continued their journey and preaching and return- 
ed again, back through the same cities through which 
they had passed, to Antioch in Syria, "from whence 
they had been recommended to the grace of God for the 
work which they fulfilled*" Acts, lit: 23 shows that 
they organized churches in the cities Where they 
preached. 

The Jerusalem council was. occasioned by a contro- 
versy arising in the Antioch Church as to whether : the 
Gentiles could be received without first being circ- 
umcised. "And certain men which came down from Judaea 
(to Antioch) taught the brethren, and said, Except ye 
be' circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye^ cannot 
be saved." Paul and Barnabas withstood their false 



THE PILGRIM 35 



teaching "and: had no small dissension and disputation 
with them" and in order to settle the matter it was 
determined that they should go up to Jerusalem to 
the- apostles and elders about this question. It is 
clear .from Acts, l£: 2\x that these men were imposters, 
for when the apostles and elders, and the whole church 
at Jerusalem, had considered the question, and with 
the aproval of the Holy Ghost , they wrote, letters to 
the churches in "Antioch and Syria and Cilicia" con- 
firming the position of Paul and Barnabas and dis- 
closing that those men were without authority- "to • . 
whom we gave no such commandment ." 

As has already been established in the above 
account of the progress of the church, at the time of 
the Jerusalem council there ^ere churches in Judaea 
outside of Jerusalem, in Samaria, Galilee, Phenice, 
Cyprus, Syria, Cilicia, Pamphylia, Lyconia and Pisidia, 
yet there is no indication that any of them were noti- 
fied or had any part in the council, except Antioch* 

After Paul and Barnabas, and Judas and Silas had 
delivered the answer of the apostles and the Jerusalem 
church to the churches to which it was sent,, then Paul 
in company with Silas departed from Antioch again on 
what is known as his "second missionary journey, the 
account of which is given in the 16th, 3_7th, and- part 
of the 18th chapters of the Acts, to verse' 23* •" 

On this second journey, Paul and Silas visited .the 
the churches which Paul and Barnabas had founded .pn... 
their first tour and "dilivered them the decrees for 
to keep, that vie re ordained of the apostles, and elders 
which were at Jerusalem ♦" Then they pressed on farther 
north and west through .Galatia and Phrygia and on west 
through Troas (in Asia) into Macedonia (which is. now 
part of Greece) where they preached in .their cities . 
and .founded churches at Philippi, and Thessalonica, 
and perhaps others; and then on into Achaia (southern 
Greece) where Paul preached at Athens and where are 
located the churches of Corinth and Cenchrea, .from 
whence he returned again to Jerusalem and Antioch; 
after passing through Ephesus. 



UO THE PILGRIM 



The latter part of the 18th of Acts, from the 23rd 
verse, and the 19th and 20th chapters give the account 
of Paul's last missionary journey. On this journey ^ 
he went again to the churches where he had been before 
and also into. Asia where he had only passed through 
before j but on this journey he continued there and 
preached and founded churches, principle of which was 
the church of Bphesus, where he continued nearly two 
years. After Paul returned from this last journey to 
JexTisalem, the Jews mobed him caused him to be taken 
prisner by the Roman authorities who held him prisoner 
for two years at Caesarea and was finaly sent to Rome 
for trial before Caesar Augustus. 

The Epistle to the Romarc reveals to us that there 
w&s a church in Rome before Paul was sent there as a 
prisoner ; and the first Epistle of Peter is addressed 
to the "strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, 
Cappadocia,: Asia, and Bithynia." 

So the New Testament history of the church closes 
with churches in Judaea, Samaria, Phenice, Cyprus, and 

Syria on the east shores of the Mediterranean Sea; 
practicaly all of the provences of Asia Minor, which 
is now the country of Turkey; in Macedonia and Achaia, 
which is now Greece; and in: Rome. 

The latest date in the Acts of the of the Apostles 
is 63* A.D; which would be about thirty three years 
after Pentecost. The Epistles to Timothy are dated 
65 and 66 A.D. Only the Epistles of John and the 
Revelation are of later date, the Epistles being 90, 
A.D. and the Revelation 96, A.D. 

The disciples were first called Christians at 
Antioch; This may have been fifteen or twenty years 
after the church was founded on Pentecost. In the 
gospel accounts the follox^ers of Jesus were called 
mostly, "Disciples", and inthe Acts and the Epistles 
they are referred to as "The Brethren" and "The Dis- *■ 
ciples rt . A number -of times they are referred to as: 
"The Way". Once they are referred to as the "Sect of 
the Naaarenes, and again as "This Sect". 
Next issue; How the church got the name: "Catholic." 



D.F.W. 



THE PILGRIM III 



CORRESPONDENCE 

Dear Brother Editor: 

May I offer a few words of encouragement to the 
effort already made by. some of you Brethren, who have 
thought it needful to offer this little "Pilgrim 11 for 
the encouragment of our fraternity who are scattered 
in the several states, seme isolated and far apart. 
"To give you some courage to place before the readers > 
to whom this little Pilgrim may come in their homes, 
and give vent to the interests of one another , and 
give ample reasons for the hope within us with meek- 
ness and fear. 

When we see that sin and iniquity is abounding 
and love is waxing cold, and this is all the more so 
as we see the "day of the Lord approaching. Truly 
some one may think: Is it needful to still -offer 
any more religious thoughts before us? We trust our 
brethren and sisters will advance wholesome truth and 
urge more sublime lives,- lives such as our early 
fathers had in mind, that will worthy us of the name 
"Old Brethren" as we have noticed in by-gone annual 
meetings when faithful brethren would put forth Efforts 
to re-establish or restore former good house keeping; 
Ernestly contending for the faith once delivered to 
the saints. 

We are living, we are dwelling in a grand and 
auful time; In an age on ages telling, to be living 
is sublime.- To exalt, to highten; also to purify, 
to refine. 

This our well wishes goes out to all you readers. 



Edward Royer 



For yesterday is but a dream^ and tomorrow is 
only a vision; but today well lived makes every 
yesterday a dream of happiness, and every to- 
morrow a vision of hope. 



M THE' PILGRIM 



THE GENEALOGY OF CHRIST IK MATTHEW AM) LUKE, 
AS EXPLAINED 
BY AFRICANUS IN A LETTER TO ARIST3DES.. ^ 
EUSEBIUS, Bk. 1, Chap, 7. 

'"Since the names of the families in Israel were . 
numbered either by nature or by law; by nature , in 
the successin of legitimate birth; by law* when a man 
begat children in the name of a brother who had died 
childless j for because no certain, hope of resurrection 
had as yet been given they portrayed the future promi- 
se by a mortal resurrection,, in order that the name 
of him who had passed away might not fail to remain* 

Since then by following this kind of genealogy 
some succeded in the legitimate order of father and 
son, ~but others were reckoned in name to one father 
though the children of another, and the memory of both 
was retained both the actual and the fictitious 
parents. Thus neither of the, gospels mis-states, reck- 
oning both natue and law. For the two families, the ^ 
one decended from Solomon and the other from Nathan, 
were connected with each other by the 'resurrection 1 
of the childless and second marriage and the raising 
up of seed so that the same persons could be correct- 
ly regarded as the children of different parents at 
different times, either of their fictitious or their^W 
fathers. Thus both accounts are strictly true in 
coming down to Joseph in a manner complicated but 
accurate. 

In order that what has. been said may be, clear I 
will explain the relation of the families. Reckoning 
the generation from David through Solomon, the third 
from the end is found to be Matthan who begat Jacob 
the father of Joseph; But from Nathan, the son of 
David, according to Luke, the corresponding third 
from the end is Melchi. So then fixing our attention ~. 
on Joseph, it must be demonstrated .how each is callec 
his father, Jacob tracing his family from Solomon and 
Eli from Nathan; and how first they, that is Jacob 
and Eli were two brothers, and still earlier how their 
fathers, Matthan and Melchi, belonging to different 



THE PILGR IM U3 

families, are represented as the grandfathers of 
Joseph. Now Matthan and Melchi, inasmuch as they 
took the same wife, were the fathers of step-brothers, 
for the lax* does not prevent a woman who has lost her 
husband either by her own divorce or by his death 
from being married to another, Now from Estha, for 
this is the traditional name of the woman, first Mat- 
than,. who reckoned his decent from Solomon, begat 
Jacob and when hatthan was dead, Melchi, who traced 
himself by family to Nathan, took his widow, for he 
was of the same tribe though of another family, as I 
said before and had a son, Eli. 

* .: Thus we shall find that though the two families 
were different, Jacob and Eli were step-brothers of 
the same mother, and the first of them, Jacob, when 
his brother EILkdied without children, took his wife 
and begat of 3Hm the third, viz c Joseph, according to 
nature his own son (and so also according to reason, 
for which cause it is written, - ! And Jacob begat Joseph) 
but according to law he was the son of Eli, 'for to 
him Jacob, being his brother, raised up seed* Where- 
fore the genealogy concerning him xtfill not be inaccu- 
rate. Matthew the evangelist reckoned it this way, 
saying, 'And Jacob begat Joseph, 1 but Luke, on the 
other hand said, r Who was, as it was supposed 1 (for 
he adds this al&o), 'The son of Joseph, the "son of 
Eli, the son of Malchi, > for it was impossible to ex- 
press legal decent more pointedly, and up to the end 
he suppressed the word 'begat' 1 concerning such rais- 
ing of children; for he traces the list back to its 
source with ! Adam*the son of Godo 1 

Matthan of the line of Solomon begat Jacob** On the 
death of Matthan, Melchi of the line of Nathan begat 
Eli from the same woman* Thus Eli and Jacob were 'step- 
brothers with the same mother. When Eli died without 
children, Jacob raised up seed for him, begetting 
Joseph as his own natural son, but the legal son 'of ■ 
Eli# Thus Joseph was son of both. 



hU 



THE PILGRIM 



SCRIPTITML STUDY ■ 
"NEVER MAN SPAKE LIKE THIS MAN" 
JESUS SAID 

n I am the. bread of life, he that, come th 

to me shall never hunger, 
I xd.ll. raise him up the last day. 
I am the living bread itfhich came down 

from heaven: If any man eat of this 

bread he shall live forever. 
If any i^an thirst, let him come to me and 

drink. 
I am the light of the world. . 
I Bm from above... I am not of this world. 
If a man keep my sayings he shall never 

see death 
I am the door, by me if any man enter 

he shall be saved. 
I am the good shepherd. 
I have power to lay down my life and I 

have power to take it again, 
give unto them eternal life. 
am the resurrection and the life, he that 

believe th in me though he were dead -yet 

shall he live. 
am the way, the truth, and the life. 
am the vine.'- . 
-I proceeded forth and c^rae from God. 
Before Abraham was 'I am. 
Abraham rejoiced to see my day. 
The r Words ; that' I speak, they are Spirit 

and they are life . 
He that 5 loseth his. life for my sake shall 

find'i-t. 
Whosoever shall confess me before men, ^ ; 

him will I confess before my Father . 

which is in heaven. 
But whosoever shall deny me before men 

him will I also deny before my Father 

which is in heaven. " 



ono. 



6: 



I 
I 



I 

I 



7: 

8: 
tt 



35 

Uo 

5i 

37 
12 
23 

51 



10: 


9 


u 


11 


iff 


ia 


11 


28 


11: 


25 


1U: 


6 


15: 


1 


8: 


il2 


It 


58 


11 


56 



— T-6: 63 
Matt .1Q: 39 



33